Thursday, March 25, 2010

Course Outline:PA-101: Introduction to Public Administration

Department of Public Administration
University of Chittagong
PA-101: Introduction to Public Administration
Course Teacher: Professor Abdun Noor
Course Outline:
Part-1: Meaning, Nature, Scope and Significance of Public Administration.
A. Public Administration as an activity (of government).
Recommended Readings:
1. John J. Corson and Joseph P. Harris, Public Administration in Modern Society (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963), pp.11-16.
2. Dwight Waldo, The Study of Public Administration(New York: Random House, 1965), Chapter-1 : Ò What is Public Administration”; and Chapter-2.: ÒDevelopment of the Study of Public Administration”.
3. United Nations, A Handbook of Public Administration : Current Concepts and Practices With Special Reference to Developing Countries, 1961, evsjvq Abyev` K‡i‡Qb †gvnv¤§` kvgmyi ingvb, ‡jvKcÖkvmb mvi (XvKv : evOjv GKv‡Wgx, 1989)|
4. Stephen P.Robbins,The Administrative Process(New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, 1978). pp. 4-29.
5. Luther H. Gulick and L. Urwick (eds.) Papers on the Science of Administration (New York: Institute of Public Administration, 1954).
6. ‡gvnv¤§` kvmmyi ingvb, AvaywbK †jvKcÖkvmb (XvKv : evsjv GKv‡Wgx ,1993),c„t 100|
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wefvM, PÆMÖvg wek¦we`¨vjq, 1983|
9. Ira Sharkanasky,Public Administration:Policy Making in Government
Agencies,Third Edition (Chicago : Rand Mcnally, 1975), pp. 4-13.
10. gohn M. Pfiffner and Robert Presthus, Public Administation, Fifth Edition (New York: The Ronald Press Company, 1967),pp.9-15
11. E.N. Gladden, The Essentials of Public Administration (London :
Staples Press, 1966).
12. Woodrow Wilson,ÒThe Study of Administration, Ó in Political Science Quarterly,Vo1.2(June1887),pp.197-222, reprinted in Dwight Waldo, Ideas and Issues in Public Administration (New York : McGraw -Hill Book Company Inc.,1953),pp.64-75.
13. Articles on ÒPublic AdministrationÓ that are published in the journals and periodicals published from the Department of Public Administration and the Faculty of Social Science, University of Chittagong.
14. Important handouts supplied by the course teacher from time to time.
B. Public Administration as an academic discipline.
Recommended Readings:
1. Corson and Harris, op.cit., pp.8-11.
2. Dwight Waldo, op.cit , chapter –4 ``Trends in the study of Public Administration”.
3. Nicholas Henry, Public Administration and Public Affairs, Third Edition (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey : Prentice-Hall Inc., 1980), Chapter –1: ``Public Administration’s Handred Years in a Quandary.”
4. Felix A. Nigro and LIoyd G. Nigro, Modern Public Administration, Fifth Edition (New York : Harper & Row Publishers, 1980), pp.14-18.
5. Ave`yb b~i, Ò‡jvK-cÖkvmb Aa¨q‡b cvðvZ¨ wPš—vavivi weeZ©bÓ,Chittagong University Studies (Social Science), Vol. XlV. No.1. November 1993.
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C.Public Administration and other Disciplines.
Recommended Readings:
1. Dwight Waldo,op.cit.,Chapter-V: “Administrative Study and the Social Sciences”,pp.49-59
D. Influence of Environment on Public Administration.
Recommended Readings:
1. Corson and Harris, op.cit.,Chapter-1,pp.1-8.
2. F.W.Riggs, The Ecology of Public Administration,(London:Asia Pablishing House ,1975).
E. Approaches to the Study of Public Administration
Recommended Readings:
1. J.M.Pfiffner and R.V.Presthus, Public Administratin, pp.33-10.
Fifth Edition (New York : The Ronald Press Company,1967), pp.3-20.
2. ‡gvnv¤§` kvgmyi ingvb, cÖv¸³, c„t 48-59,
Part-11: Models,
Theories and Approaches in the study of Organization and
Management .
A. Classical Theory of Organization—Scientific Monagement.
1. William G.Scott, Ò Organization Theory: An Overview and an
AppraisalÓ, in Jaurnal of the Academy of Management, April 1961.
2. Frederick W. Taylor, ÒPrinciples of Scientific Management,Ó in Scientific Management(New York : Harper, 1947).
3. Herbert G. Hicks and C.Ray Gullett, Organizations: Theory and Behavior (Tokyo : McGRaw-Hill Inc. 1975), Part-2,Chapter-10:
Ò Classical Theory-Scientific Management Ó,pp.175-187;420-424.
4. Fremont E.Kast and James E. Rosenzweig, Organization and Management : A System and Contingency approach (Tokyo : Mcgraw-Hill Inc.,1981),pp.55-58;115-120
5. Claude S. George, Jr., The History of Management Thought, gynv¤§` kvgmyi ingvb Abyw`Z , e¨em&nvcbv wPš—vavivi BwZnvm (XvKv t †ccvi cÖ‡mwms GÛ c¨v‡KwRs wjt,1993), 6ô Aa¨vq,Ò ˆeÁvwbK e¨e¯’vcbvÓ, c„t 131-150|
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7. Daniel A. Wren, The Evolution of Management Thought (New York: Ronald Press, 1972), Chapter-6. 2
B. Classical Theory of Organization : Bureaucracy-Basic Elements, Functions and Dysfunctions.
Recommended Readings :
1. Max Weber, The Theory of Social and Economic Organization, translated by A.M Henderson and Telcott Parsons (New York: The Free Press,1964).
2. Hicks and Gullett, op.cit.,pp.125-152.
3. Kast and Rosenzweig, op.cit.,pp.63-66.
4. Richard J.Stillman 11. Public Administration :Conceptss and Cases,
Second Edition (Boston : Houghton Miffin Company, 1980), Chapter-1 ÒThe Formal Structure: The Concept of BureaucracyÓ, pp.39
5. Richard H. Hall. Ò The Concept of Bureaucracy : An Empircal
AssessmentÓ, in American Journal of Socioligy, July 1963.
6. Muzaffar Ahmed Chaudhury, An Exmmation of the Critcism Agasinst Bureaucracy (Dacca : National Institute of Public Administration, 1965).
7. Peter M. Blau and Marshall W.Meyer, Bureaucracy in Modern Society, Second Edition (New York: Random House, 1956), Chapter-1 : Ò Why Study Bureaucracy ? Ó
8. Reinhard Bendix, Ò Bureaucracy ,Ó in International Encyclopedia of the Sociol Sciences, Vo1.2,pp. 206-217.
C. Classical Theory of Organization : Principles of Administration.
Recommended Readings :
1. Henri Fayol, General and Industrial Management. translated by Constanee Storrs (London : Sir Issac Pitman & Sons Lid.,1949).
2. Hicks and Gullett, op.cit.,pp.158-170
3. Kast and Rosenzweig, op.cit.,pp.59-63
4. Daniel A. Wren, op.cit.
D.Neo-classical Theory of Organization: The Human Relations Approach.
Recommended Readings :
1. Hicks and Gullett, op.cit.,pp.192-204.
2. Kast and Rosenzweig, op.cit.,pp.76-80.
3. Elton Mayo, The Human Problems of an Industial Civilization (New York : Maacmillan, 1933).
4. Keith Davis, Human Relations at work: The Dynamics of Organizational Behaviour (New York : McGraw Hill, 1972).
E. : Modern Theory of Organization: The Systems Approach.
Recommended Readings:
1. Hicks and Gullett, op.cit.,pp.209-220.
2. Kast and Rosenzweig, op.cit.,pp.97-115.
3. Ludwig Von Bertalanffy, ÒThe Theory of Open Systems in Physics and BiologyÓ, in Science, January 1950.
4. Daniel Katz and Robert L.Kahn, The Social Paychology of Organizations, Second Edition (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1978).
5. C.L. Sharma, ÒSystems Theory and Management of OrganizationÓ,in Philippine Journal of Public Administration,Vol. XXX1V, No.1.
January 1990.
F. Models of Organizational Behaviour.
Recommended Readings :
1. Keith Davis and John W. Newstromn, Human Behavior at Work : Organizational Behavior, Seventh Edition (New York : McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1985),pp.29-38.
Part- 111: Dynamics in Administration : Selected Practices.
A . Leadership in Administration: Approaches and Styles.
Recommended Readings:
1. Nigro and Nigro, op.cit.,Part Three, Chapter-13: ÒLeadershipÓ,
2. Hicks and Gullett, op.cit.,pp.300-314.
3. Kast and Rosenzweig op.cit.,pp.310-334.
4. Stephen P. Robbins, op.cit.,pp.352-366.
5. ..........., Organizational Behaviour: Concepts, Controversies and Applications (New Jersey:Prentice-Hall Inc.,1983),Part-11: Chapter-11, Ò Leadership,Ó pp.288-305.
B. Decision Making in Administrative Organization.
Recommended Readings:
1. Nicholas Henry, op.cit.pp.106-107.
2. Nigro and Nigro, op.cit.,Part Three,Chapter-10: ÒDecision Making,Ó pp. 211-225.
3. Hicks and Gullett, op.cit., pp.335-350.
4. Kast and Rosenzweig, op.cit.pp.344-364.
5. Stephen P. Robbins, op.cit.,pp.152-168.
6. Ira Sharkanasky, op.cit.,pp.50-70.
C. Communication in Administration.
Recommended Readings :
1. Nigro and Nigro, op.cit.,Part Three, Chapter-11: ÒCommunications
and Public Relations,Ó pp.229-236.
2. Hicks and Gullett, op.cit.,pp.318-331.
3. Stephen P. Robbins, op.cit.,pp.391-403.
4. ...............,Organizational Behavior, pp.262-277.
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D. Motivation in Administration.
Recommended Readings:
1. Hicks and Gullett, op.cit.,pp.275-295.
2. Kast and Rosenzweig, op.cit., pp.244-258.
3. A.H. Maslow, Motivation and Personality, Second Edition (New York : Harper and Row,1954).
4. Douglas McGregor, The Human Side of Enterprise (New York : Mcgraw-Hill, 1960).
5. Fredrick Herzberg, Work and the Nature of Man (Cleveland : World Publishing, 1966).
6. ---ÒThe Mtivation-Hygine Concept and problems of ManpowerÓ, in Personnel Administration, Jan.-Feb,1964.
7. Stephen P. Robbins,op.cit,pp.301-317.
8. Stephen P. Robbins, Organizational Behavior, pp.132-156.
Part-IV: Organization and Some Basic Ideas.
Line and Staff in Organization, Centralization and Decentralization, Power and Authority, Co-ordination, Span of Control, Hierarchy, Organization Development (OD), Management by Objective (MBO) and Management Information Service (MIS).
Recommended Readings:
1. Nigro and Nigro, op.cit., Part Two Chap.-7 Ò Line and staff Service”,
pp. 152-167.
2. ......... ........... , Ibid. Ò Organization Development” , pp. 145-146.
3. Stephen P. Robbins Organization Behavior”, pp 472-485.
4. Don Ryan,” Management by Objectives “Pakistan Management
Review , VoI. XXIII, No 2&3, 1982.
6.Heinz Weihrich and Harold Koontz , Managenent : A Global
Perspective, Eleventh Edition (New York: McGraw-Hill Book ecmrany
Pvt. Ltd, 2oo5).
6. John W. Newstrom and Keith Davis,Organizational Behavior:
Human Behavior at Work, Tenth Edition (New York: The Mc Grow-Hill
Company Inc.,1993),” Understanding Organizational Development”, pp.
7. Fritz Morstein Marx (ed.), Elements of Public Administration, Second
Edition (New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Pvt.Ltd.,1968),pp.251-258.
Part-V: Issues and Problems in Administrative Studies.
A.Value Problem in Public Administration –End of Politics-
Administration dichotomy and rise of the New Public
Administration Movement.
Recommended Readings:
1. Dwight Waldo, op.cit., Chapter –VI:” The Value Problem in
Administrative Study” ,pp.
2. Nigro and Nigro, op.cit., Part –I, Chapter –4” Values and Ethics”.
B. The Concepts of “Public Interest”and“Social Justice”.
Recommended Readings:
1. James E. Anderson, Public Policy-Making (London : Thomas Nelson
and Sons Ltd., 1975), Chapter –6: Ò Policy Study and the Public
Interest”, pp. 161-168.
2. Nicholas Henry, op.cit., Chapter –6:” Towards a Bureaucratic Ethics” ,
pp. 131-145.
3. David K. Hart.” Social Equity, Justice and the Equitable Administrator”,in Public Administration Review, VoL, 34, January /February 1974.
4. Abdun Noor,“Outlining Social Justice from An Islamic
Perspective:An Exploration”, The Islamic Quarterly(London),
VoI. XLIV, No. 2,Second Quarter 2000.
C. Accountability in Public Administration. 5
1. Ali Ahmed, Basic Principles and Practices of Administrative Organization: Bangladesh (Dacca: National Institute of Local Government, 1981), Chapter-12:” Administrative Accountability” pp. 170-195.
2. A.N. Shamsul Haque, Administrative Reforms in Pakistan (Dacca:
National Institute of Public Administration, 1970), chapter-VIII:”
Administrative Acconuntablity and Control”, pp. 267-288.
3. Abdel Rahman and Ahamed Abdel Rahman``Administrative
Responsibility : An Islamic Perspective”, in The American Journal of
Islamic Social Sciences, Vol. 13, No.4, Winter 1996.
4. Salahhuddin Aminuzzaman, “Institutional Process and Practices of
Administrative Accountability : Role of the Jatiya Sangshad
(Parliament) in Bangladesh”, in South Asian Studies, VoI. 10 No. July
5. B Guy Peters, The Politics’ of Bureaucracy : A Comparative Perspective (New York: Longman, 1978), Chapter –8: ” The Politics of Administrative Accountability”, pp.202-239.
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Ae BmjvwgK GW&wBbm‡÷ªkb, VoI. 4-5,No. I. 1998-99.
D. Administrative Discretion, Values and Ethics in
Public Administration.
Recommended Readings:
1. O.P. Dwivedi, Public Service Ethics (Brussels : International Institute of
Administrative Sciences, 1979).
2.................. ,” Ethics and Values of Public Administration and
Accountability” in IRAS, VoI. I, No. 1, 1985.
3. Dennis F. Thompson”, The Possibility of Administrative Ethics”, in
Public Administration Review (PAR), VoI.45,No.5, Sept –Oct., 1985.
4. Michael J. Hill, The Sociology of Public AdministrationIn(New York :
Crane Russak and Company Inc., 1972).
5. M.J. Balogun , Public Administration In Nigeria : A developmental
Approach (London : McMillan Publishers Ltd., 1981), Chapter on” Ethics
and Values in Public Administration” ,pp.236-265.
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Elementary Books, Important Articles and Chapters of Books for Review in the Class
1. Paul H. Appelby, Public Administrative for a Welfore State translated by A.T.M. Shamsuddin and Published by the National Institute of Public Administration, Dhaka, 1964.
2. United Nations, A Handbook of Public Administration : Current Concepts and Practice With Special Reference to Developing Countries, translated into Bengali by Mohammad shamsur Rahman as ‡jvK-cÖkvmb mvi and Published by The Banglas Academy, Dhaka , 1989.
3. Dwight Waldo, The Study of Public Administration (New York: Random House, 1965).
4. Nicholas Henry, Public Administration and Public Affairs.
5. Claude S. George Jr., The History of Management Thought. 6

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